Care Instructions

Vased Arrangements

  1. Keep your vase filled with clean, cool water. Remember to water daily!
  2. Display your flowers in an area without direct sunlight, extreme heat, or cold.
  3. Change water every other day to prevent cloudiness and bacterial growth. Freshly trim the stems (about ¼”) at an angle. Remove any foliage that will sit below the waterline to avoid build-up and debris.
  4. Remove any wilted flowers as they occur since they can spread mold onto the others.

Basket/Container Arrangements

  1. Remember to water daily with clean, cool water.
  2. Display your flowers in an area without direct sunlight, extreme heat, or cold.
  3. There’s no need to change the water, as floral foam resists bacteria. But be careful to water into the liner.
  4. Remove any wilted flowers as they occur since they can spread mold onto the others.

General Care for Most Houseplants

  1. Ensure adequate light for the particular genus and species of plant. Avoid direct sun for most houseplants.
  2. Water regularly. Mist the plant or the air around it regularly if it is a humidity-loving plant. Such plants may also benefit from having their pots set on a tray of water-covered pebbles, increasing the humidity level around them.
  3. Keep plants out of drafts and away from direct sources of heat or cold such as furnace vents, fireplaces, or drafty windows in winter, etc.
  4. Check regularly for yellowing or browning leaves, disease or insects, and treat accordingly.
  5. Consider repotting in the spring. Depending on the genus and species, some plants benefit from annual repotting; others need only be repotted if root-bound.

African Violet

Water: Keep soil moist. Don’t wet leaves.

Light: Bright, indirect light

Temperature: 65F to 75F

Fertilizer: Feed every two weeks

Grooming: Pinch off old flower stems and leaves

Repotting: Annually to refresh soil, but keeping plants moderately root-bound
Challenges: Gray mold is a danger when too wet

Anthurium (an-THUR-ee-um)

Water: Keep soil moist and humidity high

Light: Moderate to bright indirect light

Temperature: 65F to 80F Best with little variation from day to night and away from drafts and heat sources

Grooming: Remove blooms and foliage as they die

Repotting: Annually in spring

Challenges: All parts of the plant can be toxic, so keep away from children and animals

Bromeliad (bro-MEH-li-ad)

Water: For those with a center “cup” formed by a rosette of leaves, let the soil dry between waterings. Keep a small amount of water in the cup. For “noncup” bromeliads, keep the soil evenly moist.

Light: Bright, indirect light

Temperature: 65F to 75F

Christmas Cactus

Water: Keep soil moist. Misting may be beneficial

Light: Bright, indirect light

Temperature: 60F to 70F

Grooming: Remove faded flowers

Reblooming: Keep plants in darkness for at least 12 hours each day during fall, and maintain nighttime temperatures from 50F to 55F. Increase night temperatures to 60F to 70F once buds set.

Croton

Water: Keep soil slightly moist. Mist leaves regularly

Light: Bright, indirect light

Temperature: 60F to 85F

Repotting: Annually in spring

Challenges: Some species have been shown to cause dermatitis-related problems in some people, and plants’ red stem juices can stain clothing

Cyclamen (SY-kla-men)

Water: Keep soil moderately moist. Keep leaves dry but the surrounding air moist

Light: Bright indirect light

Temperature: 50F to 65F

Grooming: Remove faded blooms and leaves, pinching the stems off at the crown

Dieffenbachia (dee-fun-BAHK-ee-uh)

Water: Keep soil moist. Mist the leaves frequently and surround the pot with damp peat. Wash the leaves occasionally

Light: Partial shade in summer; brighter light in winter

Temperature: 60F to 75F

Repotting: Annually in spring

Easter Lily

Water: Keep soil moderately moist. Mist leaves occasionally

Light: Bright, indirect light

Temperature: 65F to 70F day; 50F to 60F night

Repotting: After flowering, keep the plants in well-lit locations and water as the foliage matures. In late spring, plant in the garden. They may reflower in summer, but it’s likely that new blooms won’t appear until the next summer.

Challenges: Extremely poisonous for cats. Eating small amounts of any part of this plant or getting in contact with pollen can cause dangerous symptoms and lead to death from kidney failure.

Hydrangea (hy-DRAN-jee-uh)

Water: Keep soil moist. Mist leaves

Light: Bright, indirect light

Temperature: 65F to 70F day; 50F to 60F night

Grooming: Pinch off faded flower stems and leaves

Reblooming: After flowering, plant outside in the ground where they will get full morning sun and light afternoon shade. Indoors, cut back the shoots to two nodes, or pairs of leaves, on each. Repot and grow in a south-facing window.

Challenges: Keep plants out of reach of children and pets. Ingesting large amounts of bark, leaves, or flower buds can cause nausea, stomach pain, vomiting, and sweating

Ivy

Water: Keep soil moist. Mist frequently, especially in dry indoor air. Wash the leaves occasionally

Light: Bright; avoid direct sun in summer

Temperature: 50F to 70F

Repotting: Every two years in the spring

Kalanchoe (kal-ahn-CHOH)

Water: Let the surface of the soil dry between waterings

Light: Bright light, including some direct sun, which can cause leaves to turn reddish

Temperature: 60F to 75F

Grooming: Snip off bloom-bearing stems after flowers fade

Repotting: Anually in late spring/early summer

Challenges: Too-wet or too-cold conditions encourage gray mold

Marginata

Water: Keep soil moist. Mist regularly.

Light: Moderate to bright indirect light

Temperature: 65F to 75F

Repotting: In spring every two or three years

Nephthytis (neph-THY-tis)

Water: Keep soil lightly moist. Avoid overwatering

Light: Moderate indoor light

Temperature: 60F to 75F

Repotting: Every two years in spring

Norfolk Pine

Water: Keep soil lightly moist. Mist branches occasionally

Light: Bright light, including several hours of direct sun if possible – but only if humidity is high.

Temperature: 55F to 75F

Repotting: Annually when young; every three years for larger plants

Orchid

Water: Keep soil moist. Mist leaves lightly and keep humidity high

Light: Bright, indirect light

Temperature: 70F to 80F, cooler at night

Grooming: Remove faded blossoms. Clean leaves with warm, soapy water

Repotting: Orchids like to be potbound. Repot only if growth is suffering or potting medium starts to decompose

Reblooming: Most varieties will rebloom, though each has its own timing and triggers, such as cooler nights or light

Palms

Water: Keep soil slightly moist. Mist regularly in dry air

Light: Moderate to bright light. Parlor and Kentia palms can thrive in low light

Temperature: 65F to 80F

Repotting: Only when completely root-bound

Peace Lily/Spathiphyllum (spath-uh-FY-lum)

Water: Keep soil moist. Mist leaves frequently

Light: Semi-shaded in summer and brighter, indirect light in winter

Temperature: 65F to 75F

Repotting: Repot in spring if root-bound. Peace lilies also can be divided at this time

Philodendron (fil-o-DEN-dron)

Water: Keep soil moist. Mist leaves regularly or surround pots with damp peat.

Light: Moderate to bright indirect light

Temperature: 60F to 80F

Grooming: Push the aerial roots into the compost where possible to provide moister for the upper leaves.

Repotting: In spring, every two or three years

Poinsettia

Water: Keep soil moderately moist

Light: At least six hours of bright indirect sunlight daily

Temperature: 60F to 70F

Challenges: Cold air and overwatering can lead to gray mold

Pothos

Water: Let soil dry slightly between waterings

Light: Bright, indirect light

Temperature: 60F to 80F

Repotting: Annually, if necessary, in spring. To control the size of the plant, clip off up to a third of the vines and some of the roots without repotting.

Prayer Plant

Water: Keep soil moist. Mist regularly

Light: Partial shade; these plants do well in fluorescent light.

Temperature: 65F to 75F

Sansevieria (san-suh-VAR-ee-uh)

Water: Allow soil to dry slightly between waterings. Don’t wet the heart of the plant.

Light: Bright, with some sun, but will grow in shade

Temperature: 65F to 75F

Repotting: When pot is outgrown

Schefflera (shef-LER-uh) and Arboricola (ar-bur-ah-KOW-luh)

Water: Let the top layer of soil dry slightly between waterings

Light: Bright, indirect light

Temperature: 65F to 75F

Repotting: Repot young plants annually, then every two or three years, in spring

Spider Plant

Water: Keep soil moist

Light: Moderate to bright indirect light

Temperature: 65F to 75F

Repotting: Annually in spring

Succulents

Water: Keep soil fairly dry; water thoroughly when soil is dry to touch, draining excess water

Light: Prefers bright sunlight. Will tolerate limited lower light

Temperature: 40F to 80F